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​​​​​​​​Beijing Attractions

As the capital of China, Beijing is the center for politics, culture and education. Known as one of the “Four Ancient Capitals of China”, the importance of Beijing as a political center has been existent for centuries. With most of the famous landmarks and structures located in Beijing the history of the city can be traced back almost 2000 years. Visting Tiananmen Square and Hutongs in Beijing are some of the highlights of the city.


1.  The Forbidden City                  Index ★★★★

The Forbidden City

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The Forbidden City was built ​under the reign of the t​hird Ming Emperor Yongle. Today it is considered one of hemost spectacular masterpieces of the world. The palace was designed by three architects and took 14 years to complete this extraordinary structure. Whilst creating this magnificent building, architectures took into account Feng Shui and how to harmonize buildings. 


The five prime colors used throughout the palace are white, black, red, yellow and blue. Terraces were built using white marble, black paving for the gardens and courtyards, red columns and bright yellow roofs are drawn against the blue background. The building of the Forbidden City began in 1406 and required one million workers and 100,000 artisans to complete this extraordinary work of art. The palace today serves as a modern day museum with artwork, calligraphy and other artifacts are put on display for visitors to admire. 


Features of Forbidden City​​


The Forbidden City occupies an area of 720,000 square meters (177.9 acres) and has approximately 8,700 rooms. A high red wall with a total length of 3,400 meters (3,718 yards) surrounds the palace. There are four gates in each side, with Meridian Gate (Wu Men) as the main entrance. The palace consists of two main sections, the inner court and outer court. The inner court is separate to that of the outer court and was where the Emperor and his family resided. 

When entering into the Outer Court of the Forbidden City you must pass through Meridian Gate, which is the southern gate of the city. There are 5 entrances that are guarded by pavilions known as the 5 Phoenix Pavilions. Once entering through the Meridian Gate you will come across the Golden Water Bridges where there are 5 bridges, during the dynasty period the middle bridge which was the largest was reserved for the Emperor and the four other bridges were for other royals and court officials. The main highlight of the outer court has to be the Hall of Supreme Harmony, Hall of Central Harmony and the Hall of Preserving Harmony. 

The Inner Court was home to the Emperor and his families, the main building within the Inner Court were the Palace of Heavenly Court, Palace of Heavenly Purity and the Palace of Earthly Tranquility. The Emperor resided in the Palace of Heavenly Purity as he represented the heavens and Yang, whereas the Empress represented earth and Yin she would reside in the Palace of Earthly Tranquility. 

Apart from the wonderful architecture the Forbidden City also has a spectacular Imperial Garden. 
The garden is 130 meters wide from east to east, 90 meters from south to north, and occupies an area of 12,000 square meters. Within the garden there are several hundred year old pines, cypresses and Chinese Wistaria. There are over 20 halls, pavilions and towers in the various styles are symmetrically located on the eastern and western sides of the central axis. The paths in the garden are paved with colored cobbles with over 900 patterns.


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2.  Temple of Heaven                   Index ★★★★★

Temple of Heaven

The Temple of Heaven was once the place of worshipping for the emperor’s of the Ming and Qing Dynasty. The temple was located in the southeast of Forbidden City’s wall and on the east of Zhengyangmen. Constructed between 1420, the Temple was constructed under the reign of the Yongle Emperor. 

 

The Temple of Heaven covers an astonishing 2.72 million m2.  It is larger than the Forbidden City as the Emperor’s once considered themselves Son’s of the Heaven, naturally the Temple should be larger than their palace. 
 

The temple is made up of Yuanqiutan, Huangqiongyu and Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest (Qiniandian) from south to north. The temple demonstrates the accumulation of Chinese culture and religion. The architecture and décor of the temple are truly breathtaking. 

3.  Badaling Great Wall                 Index ★★★★★

Badaling Great Wall

Balading was one of the first parts of the Great Wall of China to be opened to tourists. The wall was constructed during the reign of China’s first emperor Qinshihuang, the wall was built to protect China’s borders from the intrusion of northern tribes. A large part of the wall was reinforced during the Ming Dynasty to defend the capital against the intrusion of Mongolians. The wall was constructed using large bar stones and bricks with the internal width of the wall at six meters wide horses could even gallop within the wall. 

 

The Great Wall is one of the most symbolic wonders of China, over the years it has attracted over tens of millions of tourists from abroad and home. It has also been a destination for 370 foreign leaders and celebrities. If you go china,you should not miss the tour great wall beijing.

 

The Great Wall has been under protection by the state council since 1961. In 1988 it was enlisted in the Cultural Heritage Directory by UNESCO. In 2007 it was listed among the New Seven Wonders of the World, thus reinstating its worldwide reputations once more. 

4.  Tiananmen Square                   Index ★★★★★

Tiananmen Square

Tiananmen Square is located in the center of Beijing and is named after the Tiananmen Gate which is located in the north separating it from the Forbidden City. It is the third largest city square in the world and hold great cultural significance with some of the most important events in history having taken place in this very square. Occupying an area of 440,000 square meters it has now become a place for relaxation as people use the square for leisure. 

 

The Tiananmen Gate leading to the Forbidden City was built during the Ming Dynasty in 1415. Towards the end of the Ming Dynasty the gate was damaged due to fighting between Li Zicheng and the early Qing Emperors. 

 

Located in the heart of Beijing, Tiananmen Square has some must visit sites such as: Tiananmen Tower, Monument to the People’s Heroes, Great Hall of the People, Mao Zedong Memorial Hall and the National flag raising ceremony. 

 

A museum was constructed to commemorate Mao Zedong in 1976 and to accommodate the project the square was increased once again to have a capacity of 600,000 people. 

 

To see the guards of honor raise the Flag is a must for the tourists visiting Beijing. You have to get up really early and arrive at the Square before sunrise. Only by doing so can you see the ceremony clearly as there are crowds of people attending the ceremony every day. The reviewing stands flanking Tiananmen Tower on the west and east sides were opened up free on the first day of 2012 to the public to watch the flag rising ceremony. It is now available to group reservations for the opening day on the first day of each month.

5.  Hutong                                       Index ★★★★★

Hutong

Hutongs are a type of alley way which are commonly found in Beijing. The Hutongs in Beijing are formed by lines of traditional courtyard residences (Siheyuan). Neighborhoods were formed by joining one siheyuan to another to form a hutong and then joining one hutong to another. 

 

As a symbol of Beijing, the layout of the hutongs and courtyards are like an orderly chessboard but the history that remains in these alleyways have stood the test of time. 

 

One of the most famous Hutongs has to be the Beixinqiao Hutong which is said have the most turns. With more than 20 routes getting lost is not all that difficult. The most narrow has to be Qian Shi Hutong which is located on Zhubao Shi Street the most narrow part is only 40 centimeters wide. The longest Hutong is located on Chang’an Avenue stretching to East Street and West street spanning a total of 6.5 kilometers. 

 

The number of Hutongs in Beijing have decreased dramatically due to the urbanization of Beijing. However, recently there have been attempts to protect these historic areas in an attempt to preserve history. 

 
Come and see it by hiring the rickshaw, and you'll have a best hutong tours Beijing!

6.  Lama Temple                           Index ★★★★★

Lama Temple

The Yonghe Temple is a temple and monastery of the Geluk School of Tibetan Buddhism located in the northeastern part of Beijing, China. It is one of the largest and most important Tibetan Buddhist monasteries in the world. The building and the artworks of the temple is a mixture of Han Chinese and Tibetan styles.

Building work on the Yonghegong Temple started in 1694 during the Qing Dynasty. It originally used as an official residence for court eunuchs. It was then converted into the court of the Prince Yong (Yin Zhen), a son of the Kangxi Emperor and himself the future Yongzheng Emperor. After Yongzheng's ascension to the throne in 1722, half of the building was converted into a lamasery, a monastery for monks of Tibetan Buddhism. The other half remained an imperial palace.

After Yongzheng's death in 1735, his coffin was placed in the temple. The Qianlong Emperor, Yongzheng's successor, gave the temple imperial status signified by having its turquoise tiles replaced with yellow tiles which were reserved for the emperors. Afterwards, the monastery became a residence for large numbers of Tibetan Buddhist monks from Mongolia and Tibet, and so the Yonghe Lamasery became the national centre of Lama administration.

The temple is said to have survived the Cultural Revolution due to the intervention of Prime Minister Zhou Enlai. It was reopened to the public in 1981.


7.  Beijing Olympic Stadium          Index ★★★★★

Beijing Olympic Stadium

The Beijing Olympic Stadium, also known as the Birds’s Nest is located in the Olympic Green Village. The stadium was designed for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and since the end of the games it is now used as a center for international and domestic sport competitions and recreational activities. 

 

The main designers behind this amazing architecture was Swiss architects Jacques Herzog , Pierre de Meuron and Chinese architect Li Xinggang. Prior to China’s winning bid for the 2008 Olympic games, designs for the stadium was selected in 2001 and Li Xinggang’s Bird’s Nest design concept was selected. 

 

The stadium has 800,000 fixed seats and 11,000 temporary seats. The Rows and stand distribution has been designed scientifically, no matter where the spectator is seated, the game can be seen without any visual obstruction. The stadium adopted an electro-acoustic and public address system. Ensuring the index of voice definition reaches 0.6. which means that the audience can hear the broadcast clearly.


8.  Summer Palace                                       Index ★★★★★

Summer Palace

Summer Palace is Chinese Royal Garden which has the largest Scale and best conservation in the world. It is one of the Four Famous Garden (Others are Chengde Mountain Resort, Humble Administrator’s Garden in Suzhou, Lingering Garden in Suzhou). Summer Palace is located in Haidian District, about 15 Km to Beijing downtown. It has an area of 290 hectares. It was built based on the design and artistic conception from Kunming Lade, Wanshou Mountain, Hangzhou West Lake and some Jiangnan gardens. It is praised as Royal Garden Museum.
Summer Palace is built in 1750 and finished in 1764. Water covers an area of three-fourths. It was approved to be a National 5A Scenic Spots on May 8th, 2007. It was selected as the largest existing imperial garden by the China Association of World Records in 2009.


The central Kunming Lake covering 2 square kilometers which was entirely artificial and also the excavated soil was used to make Longevity Hill. In Summer Palace, you can find a lot of palaces, gardens, and other classical-style architectural structures.

In December 1998, UNESCO included the Summer Palace on its World Heritage List. It announced that the Summer Palace "a masterpiece of Chinese landscape garden design. The natural landscape of hills and open water is combined with artificial features such as pavilions, halls, palaces, temples and bridges to form a harmonious ensemble of outstanding aesthetic value." It is a famous and popular tourist destination but also serves as a recreational park.
If you take a local tour guide in Beijing,you can learn more.





9.  Sacred Way                                                  Index ★★★★★

Sacred Way

In the front part of imperial necropolises there is usually a Sacred Way which means the way to heaven. The emperor, as the son of heaven, who came from heaven to his country through the Sacred Way is rightly well known in the sky, on the road. Affiliated with the Ming Tombs, the Sacred Road was originally built to lead to the Changling museum. During their reign they often passed through the sacred road to the sacrificial altar in order to converse with heaven. After their death, the funeral procession also took the path through the Sacred Road as a symbol of the passed emperor 's journey to heaven in the afterlife.

Along the path, visitors can find a stele pavilion. At the four corners of the pavilion, there are four tall marble columns each towering about ten meters into the air. Each column is engraved with dragons and has a mythical beast sitting on the top. As the story goes, the beasts facing south remind the emperor to go out of the palace and among the people to observe their situation and needs. The beasts facing north summon the emperor from an insignificant outing to return to handle state affairs.

The Sacred Way is often made of stone statues, which are important decorations of the mausoleum are aligned. These statues are usually 12 human figures and 24 animals, lions, camels, elephants, xiezhi, Qilin, and the horse, there are 4 of each of these animals. two standing and two squatting with different meanings symbolizes great Lion of solemnity because of their camels and elephants ferocity in the fight against the size of the territory, struck by the court because they have reliable transportation in the desert and tropics. Xiezhi was there to prevent evil spirits was because he believed, to have that sixth sense, good and evil. When fighting two men, one xiezhi the bad blood would be. Qilin, a promising sign, placed on both sides. Horse, as the mountain of the Emperor, is absolutely essential. It is said that these animals actually change to guard midnight.





10. Juyongguan Great Wall                Index ★★★★★

Juyongguan Great Wall

Juyongguan or Juyong Pass is a mountain pass located in the Changping District of Greater Beijing, over 50 kilometers from central Beijing. The Great Wall of China passes through, and the Cloud Platform gate was built here in 1342 CE.

Situated in a valley surrounded by mountains, Juyongguan Pass has long been a military stronghold. As early as the Spring and Autumn Period (770BC-476BC) and Warring States Period (476BC-221BC), the Yan State built fortifications here. In the dynasties Northern and Southern (386-589), this section was linked to the Great Wall of China. This pass served as a natural barrier to the capital of Yuan (1271-1368) and Ming (1368-1644) Dynasties. Therefore, just after the founding of his reign, Zhu Yuanzhang, the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty, ordered the pass to be rebuilt to protect the borders from intrusions of the Mongolian tribe. Many fierce battles were fought in Juyongguan Pass of Great Wall.

The pass had many different names during former Chinese dynasties. However, the name "Juyongguan" was used by more than three dynasties. It was first used in the Qin Dynasty when Emperor Qinshihuang ordered the building of the Great Wall. Juyongguan pass was connected to the Great Wall in the Southern and Northern Dynasties era.

In the middle of the Juyongguan (pass) and Guangou Valley, there is the Cloud Platform gate, also known as the "Crossing Street Tower". It was built in 1342 during the Yuan Dynasty, and made of white marble with a height of 9.5 meters . There were white pagodas at the top the platform, giving it the name of "Crossing Street Tower". They were each destroyed in the transitional period between the late Yuan and early Ming Dynasties. In the early Ming Dynasty, a Buddhist Tai'an Temple hall was built on the platform. It was destroyed in 1702 during the Qing Dynasty.

Juyongguan Pass is not just a military stronghold, but also a beautiful scenic spot. Around the pass, beautiful flowers and trees cover the mountains. A splendid picture! As early as the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234), it was named as one of the eight best scenery of Beijing.





11. Ming Tomb                                                   Index ★★★★★

Ming Tomb

The Ming Dynasty Tombs are located some 42 kilometers north-northwest of central Beijing, The site is located on the southern slope of Tianshou Mountain, was chosen on the feng shui principles by the third Ming Dynasty emperor Yongle (1402–1424), who moved the capital of China from Nanjing to its the present location in Beijing. He is credited with envisioning the layout of the Ming-era Beijing as well as a number of landmarks and monuments located therein. After the construction of the Imperial Palace (the Forbidden City) in 1420, the Yongle Emperor selected his burial site and created his own mausoleum.

It was originally built only as Changling Tomb, the tomb of Emperor Zhu Di and his empresses. This is the most magnificent of the tombs. The succeeding twelve emperors had their tombs built around Changling.

Only the Sacred Way, Changling Tomb, Dingling Tomb and Zhaoling Tomb are available to the public. Changling, the chief of the Ming Tombs, is the largest in scale and is completely preserved. The total internal area of the main building is 1956 square meters. There are 32 huge posts, and the largest measures about 14 meters in height. It inhumes Emperor Zhudi, the fourth son of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang. 

During the Ming dynasty the tombs were off limits to commoners, but in 1644 Li Zicheng's army ransacked and set many of the tombs on fire before advancing and capturing Beijing in April of that year.

Nowadays, the Ming Dynasty Tombs are designated as one of the components of the World Heritage object, Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, which also includes a number of other sites in Beijing area and elsewhere in China.





12Mutianyu Great Wall                         Index ★★★★★

Mutianyu Great Wall

The Great of Mutianyu was built and restored in the early Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). Restoration took place under the supervision of Xu Da, one of the founding generals of the Ming Dynasty, who was responsible for building a wall from Shanhaiguan in the east to as far as Mutianyu. The Ming pass at Mutianyu was officially proclaimed in 1404, where would serve as an important symble of the protection from marauding nomads to the north. In 1569, the Mutianyu Great Wall was rebuilt and until today, most parts of it are well preserved. 

There are 22 watchtowers built at almost 100 meter intervals. This number of tower is much more than would be expected along the Wall, and also highlighted by the partucular form and unique structure to this section. 

Mutianyu Great Wall is a bit more rugged and slightly less crowed than the more famous Badaling. There are aboudant natural springs which feed a great variety of plants and trees. Over 96% of Mutianyu is covered by trees and orchards, keeping the aire fragrant with chestnut blossoms in the spring and fresh all year round. 







13. Dingling Tomb                                         Index ★★★★★

Dingling Tomb

Dingling, the underground mausoleum of Emperor Wan Li, is one of the thirteen imperial tombs of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). It took six years to build Dingling, construction of which started in Nov. 1584 and ended in June 1590. 
Dingling covers an area of 180,000 square meters. The Underground Palace of Dingling is the only one of the Ming Tombs excavated so far. With a total floor space of 1,195 square meters, the Underground Palace is composed of five stone chambers: the front chamber, the middle chamber, the rear chamber and the left and right annex chambers. More than 3,000 pieces of cultural relics were unearthed from Dingling. In 1959 Dingling Museum was set up at the original site and was opened to the public. 





14. Changling Tomb                                    Index ★★★★★

Changling Tomb

Changling Tomb is Emperor Yongle's Tomb, ranks the first among the thirteen Ming Mausoleum. Changling Tomb, built the earliest among the 13 Ming Mausoleums, is the largest and most magnificent as well as the best-preserved one. 

Then construction of Changling started in 1409. It is the joint burial mausoleum of Emperor Yongle and his empress. With a history of about 600 years, it has been in good condition and remains resplendent. Because the project was massive and complex, huge amounts of manpower, material resources and financial resources were invested to construct Changling Tomb. It took as long as four years to construct the underground palace alone.

Ling'en Hall is the place where the heir emperors offered sacrifices to memorize Emperor Yongle. Inside the Ling'en Hall, hundreds of pieces of rare jewelry unearthed from the Underground Palace of Dingling are on display. 





15Siheyuan (Ancient Courtyard)              Index ★★★★★

Siheyuan (Ancient Courtyard)

Siheyuan (Ancient Courtyard) is a classical architecture style of residential housing of Beijing citizens dated from the Ming Dynasty. The narrow streets between the Siheyuan are called "Hutong"s. A single implementation of Siheyuan comprises of garden surrounded by four houses and protected by high walls. Siheyuan with Hutong which have been very familiar for people, having a history of more than 700 years now suffer from the urban renovation and economic development of China, and they are slowly disappearing from Beijing.










16. Simatai Great Wall                              Index ★★★★★

Simatai Great Wall

Lying in the Gubeikou Town, which is in the northeast of Miyun County and about 120 kilometers (75 miles) from Beijing. It has 35 beacon towers. Constructed under the supervision of Qi Jiguang, a famous general in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), Simatai Great Wall is the only part of the Great Walls that still has the original appearance of the Ming Dynasty.

The Simatai Great Wall is celebrated for its steepness, queerness and intactness. The main tourist attractions include the Stairway to Heaven, the Fairy Tower, the Heaven Bridge and the Wangjing Tower.

The Simatai Great Wall is divided into eastern and western parts by a lake, which is called the Mandarin Duck Lake and is fed by two springs. One is warm, the other is cold. Even in winter, the surface of the lake will never ice up.

Simatai also offers a wide range of activities. Tourists can go boating, swimming or fishing in the Mandarin Duck Lake. Besides, to taste the local authentic "peasant food" is also a deep memory. Located in Simatai Great Wall Scenic Area, Simatai Hotel (Simatai Great Wall Mountain Villa) is a traditional Chinese courtyard which offers good board and accommodation. Visitors can also go there to enjoy traditional Chinese musical instrument performance.







17. Acrobatics Show                                   Index ★★★★★

Acrobatics Show

Chinese acrobatics is said to have started during the Warring States Period (475-221 BC) two thousand years old, though some claim it is four thousand years old on the basis of the mythical Yellow Emperor, Huangdi, having started a martial form of acrobatics at a victory celebration in Wuqiao some 300 km south of Beijing. It is interesting to know that almost every adult in Wuqiao today knows some acrobatic trick. Since 1987, Wuqiao has held the Wuqiao International Acrobatics Festival which is an event for the international acrobatic fraternity. The acrobatics became refined during the Han Dynasty (221 BC-220 AD) by which time juggling, fire eating, knife swallowing and tight rope walking were regular features. The Han Dynasty scholar and scientist, Zhang Heng (AD 78-139), has been much quoted by Chinese acrobatic enthusiasts as having mentioned in his "Ode to the Western Capital and to the Eastern Capital" the various forms of acrobatics then.









1.  798 Art District                                           Index ★★★★

798 Art District

The 798 Art Zone or otherwise known as Dashanzi Art Distrcit in Beijing is a well known artistic community. The unique architectural appearance of the old military factory building sure does make this place a must visit site. 

 

In an attempt to expand the influence of modern art, Beijing established 798 Art Festival in 2006. The festival begins at the end of April and finishes and the end of May. There is also the Beijing 798 Creative Art Festival which is held in September and ends in October. 

 

Many global celebrities and political leaders have all been guests of the art zone. Past European leaders from Switzerland, Austria, Belgium and Germany have all visited the artistic zone.    


It's a great beijing tourism places.


 




 






2.  Wangfujing Snack Street              Index ★★★★

Wangfujing Snack Street

On the southern side of the Haoyou World Shopping Center in Wangfujing Street, and at the entrance of the street, a majestic ancient-style memorial archway, over 10 meters high, leads tourist to the snack street. Linded by a number of the Ming and Qing architectural structure, the Wangfujing Snack Street is an ideal place for sightseeing and tasting a wide variety of delicious snacks.

The snack street, which is open to the public all day long, offers all kinds of snacks of Beijing and other places in the country, such as "crossing-bridge rice noodles," pepper and chili soup, smelled bean curd, Goubuli steamed stuffed buns, sugar-coated haws in a sticks, etc. At night when red lanterns are lit, the street is  always crowded with people.





 




 






3.  Drum Tower Beijing                           Index ★★★★

Drum Tower Beijing

The Bell & Drum Tower lying to the north of Beijing-south axis line in Dongcheng District. The towers are visibly prominent constructions and represent the symbol of the old city. They were built in 1272, and rebuilt twice after two fires. 

The Drum Tower located 100 meters south to the bell tower, the drum tower was placed on a 4 meters high stone and brick base. It is 46.7 meters high. The tower is also a two-story building, the first floor contains the China Committee for the promotion of the Minority Art while the second floor contains the exhibition area. Originally there was a big drum and 24 smaller drums, but now only the big drum remains. If you visit the Drum Tower, you shall climb up and enjoy the view of the Beijing city. 







 




 






4.  Beihai Park                                                    Index ★★★★

Beihai Park

Beihai Park located in central Beijing, is one of the oldest and most authentically perserved imperial gardens in China. It has a history of 1000 years.

Beihai has existed throughout the Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. Most of the buildings now standing were constructed during Emperor Qianlong's regin in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911 A.D.).

Beihai was opened to the public in 1925 and in 1961 it was one of the first important cultural sites placed under protection by the State Council. The park occupies an area of 69 hectares including a 39-hectare lake. In the garden, pavilions and towers nestle amid the beautiful scenery of lakes and hills,grass and trees. Carrying on the traditions of garden landscaping of ancient China Beihai is a gem of garden art.










 




 






5.  Guozijian Street                                       Index ★★★★

Guozijian Street

With a total length of 669 meters and an average width of 11 meters, the street houses the Imperial Academy in the west and the Confucian Temple in the east. Built in 1306, the Imperial Academy was the foremost educational institution during the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties 

Guozijian Street is the only street in Beijing featuring decorated archways, with two in the east and a further two in the west. Many single-storey houses can be found along the street, evoking the feel of Beijing's alleys in ancient times.












 




 






6.  Capital Museum                                       Index ★★★★

Capital Museum

The majority of exhibits at the Capital Museum are cultural relics unearthed in Beijing. The Museum is a modern exhibition center with unique Beijing characteristics representing Beijing's history, cultural relics, archaeological discoveries and cutting-edge research results of relevant disciplines. The Museum has cast out dull exhibition modes of the past and offers an experience-based tour fully capitalizing on modern exhibition techniques.

The Museum has extensive collections of cultural artifacts gathered over several decades. It currently has 250,000 exhibition articles including bronzeware, chinaware, paintings and calligraphic works, stone carvings, coins, jade articles, imperial seals, embroidery, Buddhist statues and folk artwork.
The most distinctive feature of the Museum is its unswerving focus on the transformation and development of Beijing and telling the story of an ancient Chinese city with a multi-dimensional interpretation involving such aspects as geography, folk customs, antiques, etc. Permanent exhibitions at the Museum include Ancient Capital - History and Culture, Ancient Capital Beijing - Urban Construction, and Old Stories of Beijing - Exhibition of Old Beijing Folk Customs. The core purpose of the exhibitions is to meticulously display Beijing's history and culture. These exhibitions are like a history book by which we can try to decipher Beijing.

In addition to the above, other permanent exhibitions at the Museum include seven exhibitions on the Fine Art of Ancient Chinaware, Bronzeware, Calligraphy, Paintings, Jade Ware, Buddhist Statues and fine articles of the scholar’s study. The exhibitions assist and reinforce the visitors’ understanding of Beijing culture.
In addition, temporary exhibitions provide a platform for research into and appreciation of the exchanges and relationship between Beijing culture and that of other countries and regions, as well as between Chinese and world cultures.














 




 






7.  National Center for the Performing Arts          Index ★★★★

National Center for the Performing Arts

The National Center for the Performing Arts is an opera house in Beijing. The building was designed by French architect Paul Andreu.  

 

The exterior consists of 18,000 titanium plates and over 1,000 sheets of ultra-white glass. The highlight has to be the artificial lake which surrounds the breathtaking work of art. The construction began in 2001 and was completed in 2007. 

 

Consisting of three halls the opera house can seat 5,452 people and covers 12,000 square meters. The dome measures 212 meters in east-west direction, 144 meters in north-south direction, and is 46 meters high. Guests arrive in the building after walking through a hallway that goes underneath the lake. The titanium shell is broken by a glass curtain in north-south direction that gradually widens from top to bottom.


 






8.  Shichahai                                                         Index ★★★★

Shichahai

Shichahai consists of 147 hectares and dates back to the Jin Dynasty. From the time of the Yuan Dynasty it was the northernmost part of the Grand Canal linking Hangzhou in the south to Beijing in the North of China. Because of this, the Shichahai area used to be the most important commercial district with all kinds of activities going on. It harbors several temples and mansions.

Around the lake there are ten famous Taoist and Buddhist temples and several formal royal mansions and gardens. The most well known are the Prince Gong Mansion (恭亲王府) and the Prince Chun Mansion (醇亲王府).

The borders of the lakes are surrounded by large trees.
Shichahai is a famous scenic spot in Beijing, and it is near the north-gate of the Beihai Park.
In the summer tourists can rent boats to paddle on the lakes. In the winter many people come to ice-skate.
In 1992 the municipal government of Beijing declared the district an "Historical and Cultural Scenic District".














 




 






9.  Confucian Temple                                 Index ★★★★

Confucian Temple

The Temple of Confucius at Beijing (北京孔庙/北京孔廟) is the second largest Confucian Temple in China, after the one in Confucius' hometown of Qufu.

The temple was built in 1302, and officials used it to pay their respects to Confucius until 1911. The compound was enlarged twice, during the Ming and Qing dynasties and now occupies some 20,000 square meters. From 1981 until 2005 the Temple of Confucius also housed part of the art collection of the Capital Museum. It stands on Guozijian Street near the Imperial Academy.
















 




 






10.  Confucian Temple and Guozijian Museum          Index ★★★★

Confucian Temple and Guozijian Museum

The two ajoining attractions – Confucian Temple and Guozijian (The Imperial College) have coalesced into one museum renamed “Confucian Temple and Guozijian Museum” since June, 2008.

Confucian Temple in Beijing is the place where people pay respect to Confucius, which has started since the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).

Guozijian was once the national central institute of learning in Chinese dynasties in Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynastied. It was the highest institute of learning in China’s traditional educational system.